Permanent Birth Control Options

Permanent birth control is available for women who are sure they do not want to become pregnant in the future. There are several different methods of permanent birth control currently available, but Essure is the preferred method at Eastside Gynecology. Essure is a non-surgical, non-hormonal method of birth control that only affects a woman’s fallopian tubes, and is 99.8% effective.

To find out more about Essure and see if you qualify for the procedure, call us today at 212-308-4988 or contact us online.

ESSURE as a Permanent Contraception Option

Essure is an irreversible contraception option that involves the insertion of soft, flexible micro-inserts through the cervix and into the fallopian tubes by a healthcare professional. Essure prevents pregnancy by causing tissue to grow around the implanted device. This tissue growth blocks off the fallopian tubes and prevents eggs from entering the uterus – instead, the body safely reabsorbs them.

Some discomfort comparable to moderate menstrual cramping may be experienced during the procedure, but at Eastside Gynecology we offer local anesthetic to make the patient more comfortable. After insertion, you may experience abdominal cramping and vaginal discharge much like that of a light menstrual period. There is no recovery period and patients are allowed to go home the same day of the procedure.

For the first three months after the Essure procedure, a second form of birth control is required. After the initial period has elapsed, our doctors will check the Essure via x-ray to ensure that the tissue has properly grown over and that sterilization has occurred.



A diaphragm is a soft, rubber cap-shaped device which works as a barrier to prevent a man’s sperm from entering a woman’s uterus. In order to be fully effective, it must be used with a spermicidal cream or jelly.

After spermicide is applied, the diaphragm can be inserted in the vagina up to one hour before intercourse, and must remain in place for at least six hours after intercourse. If sex is to be had again within the six hours, more spermicide must be added to the already in place diaphragm. To remove the diaphragm, the woman pulls it out gently.

With proper use, the diaphragm is about 90% effective. The diaphragm or the spermicide used alone is not very effective.

Diaphragms must be properly fit and checked by a health care provider at least once a year. If the diaphragm does not fit properly, it will not be effective in preventing pregnancy. Additionally, the owner must check the diaphragm by running water through it to see if any tiny holes have developed. If water can leak through, then it is not effective.

If you’re interested in learning more about the diaphragm, please watch this video.

The Intrauterine Device (IUD) is a Small, “T-shaped” device inserted into the uterus to prevent pregnancy. The IUD is inserted into the uterus by a health care provider, where once in place, it can remain there for several years.

IUDs are one of the most effective forms of birth control available. Less than 1 out of 100 women will get pregnant each year if they use the ParaGard or the Mirena IUD. Women who have uterine, fallopian, ovarian, cervical or vaginal irregularities may not use this form of contraception.

In some cases, the IUD may present certain problems. Insertion can cause painful menstrual cramps, and women with an IUD may experience more severe menstrual cramps, and longer and heavier periods. Pain relievers can usually reduce bleeding, cramping, and other discomforts. If they are severe and do not seem to lessen, tell your health care provider.

Women with an IUD may be more prone to certain infections.

The risk of pregnancy while using a ParaGard or Mirena IUD is very low. But if the IUD slips out of place, pregnancy can happen. If you become pregnant, have the IUD removed as soon as you find out that you are pregnant. It’s important to pay attention to any symptoms you might have after starting the IUD and to monitor your body’s reaction during the use of it.

For more information on the use and benefits of the IUD, please watch this video.

The birth control pill is not appropriate for every woman and medical screening is required.

The pill comes is different dosages and prescriptions. Once the medical screening is passed, the woman will be given the proper prescription. It is important to follow the prescription instructions precisely so that the pill is effective. While the pill is an effective measure in preventing pregnancy, it does not provide protection against the spread of sexually transmitted diseases.

If you’d like to know more about birth control pills, please enjoy this video.

Emergency Contraception (EC), also known as the Morning-After pill, is intended for use after unprotected sexual intercourse or when you believe your primary method of birth control has failed and unwanted pregnancy may result. EC contains higher doses of the same hormones as regular birth control pills (estrogen and progestin), and must be taken within 72 hours of sexual intercourse. It is usually taken in two doses, 12 hours apart. This prevents ovulation which, in turn, can prevent pregnancy. Because taking EC prevents a woman from becoming pregnant it is not considered an abortion.

Emergency Contraception is not intended for use as the primary means for birth control, and only as a back-up or in case of “emergency” as indicated by the name.

Your Contraception Options
If you are considering permanent birth control as a contraception option, schedule a consultation with one of our board certified doctors at Eastside Gynecology. Call our clinic at 212-308-4988 or contact us today to arrange an appointment.

Learn more about other forms of contraception offered at Eastside Gynecology including:
•    The birth control pill
•    Intrauterine Device (IUD)
•    Diaphragm
•    Emergency Contraception – Morning After Pill.