IUD Birth Control
Intrauterine Devices (IUD) are one of the most effective, low-maintenance forms of birth control. The devices themselves are small t-shapes that are inserted into the uterus by a health care professional and can remain in place for many years. If pregnancy is desired while on an IUD, the device can easily be removed to try to get pregnant right away.
To find out if an IUD may be the right birth control choice for you, call Eastside Gynecology at 212-308-4988, or contact us online to make an appointment.
Types of Intrauterine Devices (IUDs)
There are two different types of IUDs, hormonal and non-hormonal (or copper), that are 99% effective in preventing pregnancy. Each type of IUD offers its own advantages, but both options need to be checked monthly as well as annually by your health care provider in order to ensure proper placement and functionality.
Eastside Gynecology offers Mirena, which slowly releases levonorgestrel, a progestin hormone found in many birth control pills. Levonorgestrel reduces the monthly thickening of the uterine lining, thickens cervical mucus and inhibits sperm movement to prevent pregnancy. In addition to being used for contraception, Mirena is also used to treat heavy periods and decrease the severity of bleeding, cramps, and PMS symptoms. Mirena provides continuous birth control for up to five years.
Non-hormonal IUD Birth Control
The non-hormonal IUD offered at Eastside Gynecology is called ParaGard, a copper IUD. The copper is wrapped around the plastic device and prevents fertilization of the egg by damaging or killing sperm, as copper is toxic to sperm. With annual checkups ParaGard can be effective in continuously preventing pregnancy for up to 10 to 12 years. If you decide to reverse the procedure, fertility is re-gained immediately after the non-hormonal IUD is removed.
The following video has more information on the use and benefits of the IUD birth control.
A diaphragm is a soft, rubber cap-shaped device which works as a barrier to prevent a man’s sperm from entering a woman’s uterus. In order to be fully effective, it must be used with a spermicidal cream or jelly.
After spermicide is applied, the diaphragm can be inserted in the vagina up to one hour before intercourse, and must remain in place for at least six hours after intercourse. If sex is to be had again within the six hours, more spermicide must be added to the already in place diaphragm. To remove the diaphragm, the woman pulls it out gently.
With proper use, the diaphragm is about 90% effective. The diaphragm or the spermicide used alone is not very effective.
Diaphragms must be properly fit and checked by a health care provider at least once a year. If the diaphragm does not fit properly, it will not be effective in preventing pregnancy. Additionally, the owner must check the diaphragm by running water through it to see if any tiny holes have developed. If water can leak through, then it is not effective.
If you’re interested in learning more about the diaphragm, please watch this video.
The birth control pill is not appropriate for every woman and medical screening is required.
The pill comes is different dosages and prescriptions. Once the medical screening is passed, the woman will be given the proper prescription. It is important to follow the prescription instructions precisely so that the pill is effective. While the pill is an effective measure in preventing pregnancy, it does not provide protection against the spread of sexually transmitted diseases.
If you’d like to know more about birth control pills, please enjoy this video.
Eastside Gynecology offers our patients Tubal ligation as one form of permanent birth control. It is a laparoscopic surgery and a fairly simple procedure. Most women stay home from work the next day and are asked to avoid heavy lifting and exercise for 2 weeks. Through a small incision, our surgeon will use an instrument to burn the fallopian tubes which creates a permanent blockage of the tubes.
If a woman is absolutely positive that they do not want to become pregnant in the future, then the effectiveness of this procedure is 100%. If you are considering tubal ligation, please call us at Eastside Gynecology for an in-depth consultation.
Essure is an alternative to tubal ligation. It involves the insertion of soft, flexible micro-inserts that block the Fallopian tubes and prevent sperm from reaching and fertilizing eggs. The ovaries will still produce eggs, but they will not be able to reach the uterus. Instead, they will be safely reabsorbed into the abdomen.
This method is irreversible and can only be performed on patients who are sure they do not want to become pregnant in the future. Permanent birth control is 100% effective three months after the insertion. Alternate methods of birth control are necessary until the three months have elapsed.
Watch this video on Essure to find out more about permanent birth control.
Emergency Contraception (EC), also known as the Morning-After pill, is intended for use after unprotected sexual intercourse or when you believe your primary method of birth control has failed and unwanted pregnancy may result. EC contains higher doses of the same hormones as regular birth control pills (estrogen and progestin), and must be taken within 72 hours of sexual intercourse. It is usually taken in two doses, 12 hours apart. This prevents ovulation which, in turn, can prevent pregnancy. Because taking EC prevents a woman from becoming pregnant it is not considered an abortion.
Emergency Contraception is not intended for use as the primary means for birth control, and only as a back-up or in case of “emergency” as indicated by the name.
Choosing IUD Birth Control
Women who have uterine, fallopian, ovarian, cervical or vaginal irregularities may not use intrauterine devices as a form of contraception. IUD birth control may present certain menstrual or other discomforts. Both IUD options are one of the most effective, reversible methods of birth control.
Call us today at 212-308-4988 or fill out a contact form to schedule an appointment and discuss your questions about the IUD options. We will work with you to make sure you choose the birth control method that best fits your lifestyle.
Learn more about other forms of contraception offered at Eastside Gynecology including:
• The birth control pill
• Permanent birth control
• Emergency Contraception – Morning After Pill.